Momma Anita’s Armenian Eggplant and Spiced Beef Casserole (Batlijanov Tava)

Momma Anita's Ground Beef Stuffed Eggplant Casserole

This eggplant and spiced beef casserole is one of my mother’s signature dishes. It’s an old Urfa Armenian recipe we call batlijanov tava, passed down from generation to generation.  It’s nice to retain these recipes so that future generations of Armenians will not lose them. Each time my mother made this growing up, my mouth would water in anticipation. This dish can be eaten with rice or bread.

Prep-time takes about 15 minutes, and cooking time is about 1 hour. The recipe calls for seven spice mix (or baharat). Seven spice can be found in any Middle-Eastern/Mediterranean market, as well as online at Amazon or Kalustyan’s.  It’s a mix of common spices such as allspice, black pepper, cumin, paprika, coriander, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, cardamom, and ginger, give or take a few (depending on the brand).  If you can’t find seven spice mix, just use the same amount of allspice. The taste will be similar.

 

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Here is what you’ll need:

  • 4 medium eggplants (common globe variety)
  • 1 lb. ground beef (85% lean)
  • 14.5 oz. crushed tomato (or one can)
  • 6 oz. tomato paste (or one can)
  • 1 green bell pepper, diced
  • 1 yellow onion, diced
  • 1 tsp. seven spice (baharat) or allspice if you can’t find seven spice
  • 1/2 tsp. Aleppo pepper, or crushed red pepper
  • 1/2 tsp. salt and a few rounds of fresh black pepper
  • 4 tbsp. olive oil
  • 2 cups of hot water with a pinch of salt mixed in

 

Here’s how to put this together:

  1. Make 3/4 inch diagonal slits in the eggplant. Don’t slice all the way through. It should look like an accordion (see pic).

2. In a large bowl, mix the rest of the ingredients except for the olive oil and water.

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3. Stuff each eggplant slit with the meat mixture. Once you’ve stuffed an eggplant, place it in a large braiser. All four eggplants should fit snugly inside. If you have meat left over, you can stuff a few tomatoes by making 1/2 inch slits, as with the eggplant. Place the tomatoes on top of the eggplant.

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3. Pour the olive oil and salted water into the braiser, and heat over high heat. Cover.

4. Bring to a boil and reduce heat to medium. Keep covered.

5. After 30 minutes, check on the eggplant. Push down on the eggplants a bit so that more of the eggplants will be immersed in liquid. Also, taste a bit to see whether more salt is needed. Cover again.

6. Cook for a further 30 minutes, or until the eggplants are cooked through and soft. Check the braiser periodically to make sure the bottom doesn’t burn. Serve with rice or bread.